This is the DRC's ninth Ebola outbreak since the discovery of the virus in the country in 1976.
WHO has provided technical and operations support to the Ministry of Health and Partners in the activation of multi-partner multi-agency Emergency Operations Centre to coordinate the response at all levels.
On Tuesday, Democratic Republic of Congo confirmed two cases of the viral disease.
All cases were reported from the catchment area of the Ikoko-Impenge health facility, located 30 km from the central health zone office of Bikoro, which is 280 km by road from Mbandaka, the capital of Equateur province. Of these total cases, two tested positive for Ebola virus disease, according to the WHO. Health officials are trying to stabilize them as they show signs of fever, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain and intense fatigue. "We have isolated them". Past year eight cases were reported, and half of the infected people died.
World Health Organization emergencies chief Dr Peter Salama told reporters at a briefing: "The problem here is that we already have three separate locations that are reporting cases that cover as much as 60km (37 miles) and maybe more".
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'Report cholera cases' He also outlined measures they had in place to avert an outbreak of cholera and advised the public to report such cases to the nearest hospitals. All of those could be traced back to Ikoko Impenge, about 60km away from Bikoro, except for one from the next door hamlet of Pangi.
When news broke this week that the Democratic Republic of the Congo is facing yet another Ebola outbreak, many public health experts were not surprised. The formal response team-WHO, Doctors Without Borders and the DRC health ministry-have just arrived in the area, Rollins says, so there are still many unknowns.
Ebola is most feared for the internal and external bleeding it can cause in its victims owing to damage done to blood vessels.
Adewole noted that the Port Health services unit has been placed on red-alert and will heighten screening measures at ports of entry.Adewole stated that government had strengthened the nation's health security infrastructur e to effectively prevent, detect and respond to infectious diseases including Ebola. In a vaccination trial during the West African Ebola virus epidemic, only 49 percent of individuals who had been in contact with Ebola virus patients could be vaccinated.
Congo's long experience of Ebola and its remote geography mean outbreaks are often localised and relatively easy to isolate.